از نرم افزار Primavera برای زمان بندی و همین طور کنترل پروژه های مختلف استفاده می شود. در پروژه های ساختمانی، صنعتی، نرم افزاری و در هر نوع پروژه دیگر که فعالیت های مختلف در آن به طور منظم انجام می شوند می توان از این نرم افزار برای زمان بندی و کنترل پروژه و براورد هزینه آن پروژه ها استفاده کرد.
اساس کار بدین صورت است که ابتدا با وارد کردن فعالیت های پروژه در نرم افزار و مشخص کردن ارتباط بین این فعالیت ها، منابع مورد استفاده در پروژه ها را نیز روی فعالیت ها اعمال می کنیم. سپس نرم افزار با توجه به رابطه بین فعالیت ها و منابع، فعالیت ها را طوری زمانبندی می کند که پروژه در کوتاه ترین زمان ممکن به اتمام برسد. همچنین اگر هزینه استفاده از منابع را نیز به نرم افزار بدهیم براورد کلی هزینه پروژه را نیز خواهیم داشت. قابل ذکر است که این نرم افزار مشخص می کند که تک تک فعالیت ها در چه زمانی باید شروع شوند و در چه زمانی خاتمه یابند. از این نرم افزار در رشته مدیریت صنعتی و مهندسی صنایع استفاده زیادی می شود.
پریماورا برای مدیریت همزمان ده ها و یا صدها پروژه می باشد حکم یک ERP را دارد در حالیکه MSP برای مدیریت تنها یک پروژه بکار می رود بنابراین این دو نرم افزار را نباید با یکدیگر مقایسه نمود اگر می خواهیم پریماورا را مقایسه کنیم باید با مفهوم EPM که به منظور مدیریت چندین پروژه ای در محیط مایکروسافت است مقایسه نمود.
گزیده ای از محتوای دوره P6 :
1- برنامه ریزی زمان پروژه
- مدیریت پروژه یکپارچه (Enterprise)
- تعیین جایگاه پروژه ها در ساختار سازمانی EPS
- نحوه تعیین چارت سازمانی OBS سازمان و اختصاص باکسهای آن به EPS
- نحوه تعریف یک پروژه و پیش فرضهای آن
- آشنایی با قابلیتهای تقویم در نرم افزارها تدوین تقویمهای خاص
- نحوه شکستن پروژه با نمودار WBS و وارد کردن آن در P6
- نحوه تعیین چارت سازمانی OBS پروژه و اختصاص باکسهای آن به WBS
- نحوه وارد کردن اطلاعات فعالیتهای یک پروژه در نرم افزار و کار با محیط Activities و اضافه کردن Relationships
- محاسبات زمانی، اضافه کردن قیدها، تهیه برنامه CPM و طرح مبنا Baseline
- فرمت بندی، نمایش، Layouts و فیلترها و انواع آنها و سفارشی کردن محیطهای کاری P6، تغییر فونتها، رنگها
2- برنامه ریزی منابع پروژه
- نحوه تعریف منابع و کار با محیط Resources
- نحوه برنامه ریزی تخصیص منابع در نرم افزار
- مفهوم گرافهای منابع Resource Profile
- برنامه ریزی پروژه با محدودیت منابع RCPSPو تسطیح منابع Resource Leveling
- ارتباط بین زمان، منابع و حجم کار یک فعالیت
- تشریح نوع فعالیت و زمان آن از نگاه تغییرات منابع در نرم افزار
- نحوه توزیع منابع یا حجم کار در طول زمان فعالیت Resource Curve
- آشنایی با روشهای برخورد با مشکل محدودیت منابع (جابجایی، اضافه کاری، تغییر شیفتهای کاری، تغییر توزیع و...)
- تقسیم بندی بیشتر منابع با استفاده از RBS
- مفهوم نقشها Role و تفاوت آن با منابع و نحوه تخصیص Roleها به منابع
- به اشتراک گذاشتن منابع در چندین پروژه
3- برنامه ریزی هزینه پروژه
- روشهای برآورد هزینه یک پروژه و نحوه وارد کردن آنها در نرم افزار
- روش بودجه بندی پروژه بالا به پایین Top down budgeting
- روش پایین به بالا یا Activity Based Costing
- آیتمهای هزینه ای یک فعالیت در نرم افزار
- نحوه محاسبه هزینه فعالیت در حالت برون سپاری و کار با محیط Expenses
- هزینه های مستقیم و غیر مستقیم و چگونگی تفکیک آنها در P6
- نحوه محاسبه بودجه پروژه و دیاگرام جریان نقدی پروژه،
- منحنی موز، و انواع برنامه ریزی هزینه
4- کنترل و پیگیری Tracking زمان و هزینه و روشهای محاسبه درصد پیشرفت
- آشنایی با روشهای محاسبه درصد پیشرفت و نحوه پیاده سازی سیستم کنترلی زمان و هزینه پروژه در نرم افزار
- تهیه طرح مبنا Baseline و ذخیره برنامه مبنا در زمان Data Date
- وارد کردن اطلاعات واقعی پروژه بصورت دستی و اتوماتیک و بهنگام سازی آن
- تهیه منحنی های S درصد پیشرفت و آنالیز آنها
- مراحل پیاده سازی تکنیک EV برای کنترل زمان و هزینه در P6
- مفهوم منحنی های PV، EV ، Actual Cost و شاخصهای کنترلی در EV و تنظیمات آن
- محیط های نمایش منحنی ها و شاخصهای تکنیک ارزش حاصله
5- آشنایی با سایر قابلیتهای ویژه P6
- نحوه تعریف User Name و Password برای کاربران و محدود کردن سطوح دسترسی آنان
- آشنایی با نحوه تعریف فیلذهای سیستم کدینگ پروژه ها، منابع، فعالیتها و ... و نحوه فیلترینگ براساس این فیلدها
- آشنایی باقابلیتهایGlobal Changeبرای تعریف ستونهای محاسباتی وفیلدهای خاص
- ارتباط با سایر نرم افزارها و قابلیتهای Import و Export با نرم افزارهای MSP، Excel و...
- مکانیزم مدیریت ریسک در P6
- قابلیت WPs Docs برای مستند سازی پروژه در P6
- آشنایی با حدود آستانه ای Thresholds
- آشنایی با ابزار مچ گیری یعنی قابلیت Claim Digger
مراجع P6 :
1- مجید سبزه پرور، کنترل پروژه ، ویرایش هشتم، چاپ چهاردهم، انتشارات ترمه. تعداد صفحات کتاب 704 صفحه
2- حسین یعسوبی و حسین عوض خواه ، آموزش شماتیک برنامه ریزی و کنترل پروژه با Primavera P6 ، انتشارات پندار پارس، تعداد صفحات کتاب 494
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بسیار چلیپا از خود نوشتن در حالی که صدایی دلنشین در آیا واقعا نشستن بسیار خوب با من پس از برخی از زمان. جایی در سراسر پاراگراف شما موفق به من مؤمن اما تنها برای بسیار در حالی که کوتاه. من هنوز مشکل خود را با فراز در مفروضات و یک ممکن است را سادگی به پر کسانی که معافیت. اگر شما در واقع که می توانید انجام من می قطعا تا پایان مجذوب.